Diamonds are among the most valuable gemstones on the earth. Since ancient times, mankind has been captivated by the extraordinary beauty and endless radiance of this jewel. Diamond is the hardest naturally occurring stone on the planet and is the only gem formed of a single element, carbon. This stunning gemstone is formed within the earth's crust under extreme temperatures and pressures. It is a really one-of-a-kind gemstone due to its chemical composition, structure, and manufacturing method.
Diamond is derived from the Greek word 'adamas,' which means "invincible" or "indestructible." Diamonds are known for their extraordinary hardness, with a Mohs hardness rating of 10. Only another diamond can scratch a diamond. Aside from white, diamonds are available in a number of hues. Yellow and brown diamonds are the most common, while blue, green, orange, and red diamonds are the rarest.
Diamonds are formed over millions of years by geological pressure and high temperature deep inside the earth. Volcanic activity eventually carried them to the surface, where they were found in kimberlite pipes, a form of volcanic rock. Years later, they were extracted from mines deep beneath the ground through arduous labor. Natural diamonds are valued due to their rarity and scarcity, as well as the fact that they are gorgeous billion-year-old jewels. Diamond recovery has continuously reduced throughout the years, increasing the scarcity and value of diamonds.
Diamonds are associated with fearlessness, riches, perfection, and illumination. Because of its unyielding hardness, it is known as the "Stone of Invincibility." Diamonds are also said to grant the wearer victory and power. Diamonds are also regarded as the birthstone for those born in the month of April. It is also associated with the 60th and 75th wedding anniversaries. This diamond, which represents purity, love, and eternity, is a popular center stone for engagement and wedding rings.
Diamonds are said to have been formed by the god of Mines by crushing and fusing rubies, sapphires, emeralds, and other gems of varying hardness. Diamonds were traditionally connected with the butterfly, a Native American symbol of change and immortality. Diamonds were supposed to boost both good and negative energies in ancient times.
Jewish High Priests believed that when put in front of a guilty person, a diamond would dim and darken, but when held in front of an innocent person, it would light brilliantly. Diamonds were considered to be the tears of the gods or splinters from falling stars by the ancient Romans and Greeks. Cupid's arrows were said to be tipped with diamonds as well. Diamonds were even described by Plato as living beings who embodied celestial spirits.
The first diamond ring was given to Mary of Burgundy by Archduke Maximillian of Austria when they were betrothed in 1477. This established a trend among European aristocracy and nobles. Diamond engagement rings were very expensive and only available to wealthy households. The discovery of diamond mines in South Africa increased the availability and affordability of this lovely stone.